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Comparison of two exploratory data analysis methods for classification of Phyllanthus chemical fingerprint: unsupervised vs. supervised pattern recognition technologies

期刊名:Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
文献编号:DOI 10.1007/s00216-014-8371-x
文献地址: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00216-014-8371-x#/page-1
发表日期:February 2015

Abstract

In this study, unsupervised and supervised classification methods were compared for comprehensive analysis of the fingerprints of 26 Phyllanthus samples from different geographical regions and species. A total of 63 compounds were identified and tentatively assigned structures for the establishment of fingerprints using high-performance liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC/TOFMS). Unsupervised and supervised pattern recognition technologies including principal component analysis (PCA), nearest neighbors algorithm (NN), partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), and artificial neural network (ANN) were employed. Results showed that Phyllanthus could be correctly classified according to their geographical locations and species through ANN and PLS-DA. Important variables for clusters discrimination were also identified by PCA. Although unsupervised and supervised pattern recognitions have their own disadvantage and application scope, they are effective and reliable for studying fingerprints of traditional Chinese medicines (TCM). These two technologies are complementary and can be superimposed. Our study is the first holistic comparison of supervised and unsupervised pattern recognition technologies in the TCM chemical fingerprinting. They showed advantages in sample classification and data mining, respectively.

 

Caffeic acid (98.0 % purity), ellagic acid (98.0 % purity), gallic acid (98.0 % purity), luteolin (98.0 % purity), oleanolic acid (98.0 % purity), protocatechuic acid (98.0 % purity),  palmitic acid (98.0 % purity), rutin (98.0 % purity), and  quercetin (98.0 % purity) were obtained from Chengdu Herb Purify (SiChuan Province, China)

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